Was Alexander Hamilton really an “enslaver”? Version 2.0.

© Posted on November 30, 2020, by Michael E. Newton.

Philo Hamilton and I are pleased to introduce version 2.0 of our essay “Opening a Door to Their Emancipation”: Alexander Hamilton and Slavery.

Some noteworthy changes include:

  • A greatly expanded discussion of Alexander Hamilton’s position on the Peace Treaty of 1783, the return of formerly enslaved persons, and the Jay Treaty.
  • Improved explanations of how Hamilton used his cash books.
  • More details about Hamilton’s involvement with the Manumission Society.
  • New section about “servants and maids” and Eliza’s role in managing the household.
  • Correction regarding Angelica Church’s 1804 letter to her son Philip.

Update, December 21, 2020: Version 3.0 of our essay is now available. Some noteworthy additions and improvements include:

  • John B. Church’s purchase of an enslaved woman in 1783 has been greatly improved.
  • New section on Alexander Hamilton as president of the New York Manumission Society.
  • New research regarding the 1790 U.S. Census and Alexander Hamilton.
  • New section about the “the black man of” Alexander Hamilton, who died in the yellow-fever epidemic of 1798.

Click to access Opening-a-Door-to-Their-Emancipation-Alexander-Hamilton-and-Slavery-3.0.pdf

The original essay (version 1.0) is still available here.

Version 2.0 is available here.