The Birthday of Edward Stevens, Alexander Hamilton’s “Dear” Friend

Much of the information in this blog (and in all previous Hamilton bios) has been updated, expanded, or even corrected in Michael E. Newton's new book Discovering Hamilton. Please check that book before using or repeating any information you read here on this blog (or that you read in previous Hamilton biographies).

Any student or fan of Alexander Hamilton, the man not the musical, is familiar with the name Edward Stevens. Writing to “Dear Edward” and calling him “Ned” and “Neddy,” Alexander Hamilton’s earliest extant letter was written to Edward Stevens. Alexander Hamilton later recalled that his “intimate acquaintance” with Edward Stevens had “begun in early youth” and that Stevens was his “particular friend.”  Hamilton and Stevens remained lifelong friends and Dr. Edward Stevens even helped save Hamilton’s life when he was struck with yellow fever. Thus, Edward Stevens appears in nearly every Hamilton biography, but sadly he did not make it into the musical.

Edward Stevens’s Birthday?

According to the 1909 Den Danske Lægestand [The Danish Medical Condition] by Kristian Carøe, Edward Stevens was born on the West Indian island of Antigua on February 28, 1752.[1] Unfortunately, Carøe provided no source for this information.

In his 1939 essay on Alexander Hamilton’s birth and parentage, H. U. Ramsing revealed that Edward Stevens was baptized on Antigua in November 1754. Ramsing concluded, “It is therefore an error when K. Carøe gives his birthday as Feb. 28, 1752.”[2]

It is of course possible, though less likely than the alternative, for someone to be baptized two years and nine months after his birth. But without any contemporary record of his birth, it was impossible to know whether Edward Stevens had in fact been born on February 28, 1752, or perhaps sometime in 1754 closer to the date of his baptism.

Contemporary Record Discovered

In a collection of “letters received and drafts for letters sent” by Denmark’s “West Indian medical administration,” a circa 1815 “List of practising Physicians in the danish Westindia Islands” gives ages, dates and locations of birth, education, and years of practice for each licensed doctor. At the top of the list is Hamilton’s “dear” friend Edward Stevens. He is listed as 61 years old, born February 21, 1754, in Antigua.

List of practising Physicians in the danish Westindia Islands, with information about Edward Stevens, including his birthday

List of practising Physicians in the danish Westindia Islands, with information about Edward Stevens, including his birthday

Edward Stevens’s Birthday

With this newly discovered contemporary record, February 21, 1754, must be considered the most reliable date of birth for Edward Stevens rather than the February 1752 date given without source by Kristian Carøe. This February 1754 date also makes more sense given Stevens’s baptism in November 1754.


[1] Carøe, Den Danske Lægestand 1:120.

[2] H. U. Ramsing, “Alexander Hamilton og hans Mødrene Slaegt.” I have not been able to find this record of Edward Stevens’s baptism.


© Posted on November 5 , 2018, by Michael E. Newton. Please cite this blog post when writing about these new discoveries.

7 thoughts on “The Birthday of Edward Stevens, Alexander Hamilton’s “Dear” Friend

  1. Great discovery.How about writing an Edward Stevens biography? He was no slouch either…

  2. Awesome discovery! Dr. Stevens was a fascinating guy, huh? I wish we knew more about him and his father, or even his five(?) siblings? I think his mom’s name was Ann but I don’t know any of the other children of her & Thomas’ names.

    1. I’m working on and plan to write about it in the future. Some already have laid out the outline of this family’s history, but of course I’ve found some new stuff to add to the story.

  3. Do you think it is possible or even likely that Alex and Neddie were actually brothers? I have read accounts that extolled that they looked like twins, same color hair, demeanor etc. And Neddie’s father took Alex into his home after he was orphaned?

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